The original World Management Survey (WMS) project pioneered the methodology of measuring management in manufacturing firms using an interview-based survey tool that evaluates a range of day-to-day management practices on a set scale. The tool has also been adapted to education and healthcare sectors. As part of the core research team of the WMS, we have worked to significantly expand the original data collection project and systematically measure management practices within and across countries since 2008.
As the dataset grew we noticed that when we applied the tool to schools and hospitals in developing countries, the distribution of management was very tight and sometimes truncated at the lowest score. We were clearly missing important variation at the substantial left tail of the distribution.
We created the Development WMS to allow us to more finely capture the practices used in these establishments. The survey is fully backwards comparable to the WMS. For a thorough description of the new tool check out the working paper here, but we provide a summary of the key differences between the two surveys below.